The following shows how to operate (especially, how to search) and each screen display.
1. Search from front page | 1-1. Search by Keyword | 1-2. Search by Classification Numbers | 2. Search Result Screen | 2-1. Search Result List Screen | 2-2．Detailed Information Screen
1-1. Search by Keyword and 1-2. Search by Classification Numbers.
1-1. Search by Keyword
Click the “by keyword” tab shown in 1-1 to enter the search keyword in the input field and start searching.
Users may select the “All, Name”, or “Topical Name” radio button beneath the input field. After selecting “Name”, users can search by Personal Name, Family Name, Corporate Body Name, Geographic Name and Uniform Title. After selecting “Topical Name”, users can search by Topical Term and Subdivision.
1-1-1. Search Object
Search objects include Authorized Headings and References as well as kata-kana form and romanized form of them.
If you search for personal names and cannot find any results, be sure to insert a space between the family name and given name.
Search results are affected by spaces between words. Expressions in the search index have spaces between words. If your search does not find any items of interest by using kata-kana form or romanized form, be sure to separate each word with a space.
To search for the heading “夏目, 漱石, 1867-1916 (ナツメ, ソウセキ, 1867-1916)”
The word without spaces “ナツメソウセキ” (NatsumeSouseki) does not find any items of interest.
The word with spaces “ナツメ ソウセキ” (Natsume Souseki) does find items of interest.
1-1-2. Normalization of Characters
Characters shown below are normalized and are considered identical in searches. Thus, a user may input either form and get the same search results.
- Hiragana/Katakana, Alphabet (Upper/Lower cases, Full-/Half- width), Numbers (Full-/Half- width), Basic Latin/Extended Latin
- Upper case “ツ”, “ヤ”, “ユ”, “ヨ”, “ア”, “イ”, “ウ”, “エ”, “オ”, “ワ” and lower case “ッ”, “ャ”, “ュ”, “ョ”, “ァ”, “ィ”, “ゥ”, “ェ”, “ォ”, “ヮ” are recognized as the same letter (same for hiragana).
Searching for “ギリシャ” also finds “ギリシヤ”.
Searching for “カッテ” also finds “カツテ”.
- Voiced sound mark (゛)/ Semi-voiced sound mark (゜)/No voiced sound mark・No semi-voiced sound mark
Searching for “パリ” finds both “パリ” and “バリ”.
- “ヴァ”, “ヴィ”, “ヴ”, “ヴェ”, “ヴォ” / “バ”, “ビ”, “ブ”, “ベ”, “ボ”
Searching for “ヴァイオリン” also finds “バイオリン”.
- Variants of Kanji
Searching for “渡辺” finds “渡邉” and “渡邊” as well.
The following codes are not recognized.
Half-width apostrophes (‘), plus signs (+), periods (.), grave accents (｀), or hyphens (-)
Full-width center dots (・)
If you want to search for the heading “遺跡・遺物”, searching for “遺跡遺物” or “遺跡・遺物” will both retrieve the same results set.
All half-width and full-width punctuations or symbols other than the above are handled as spaces. An AND search is conducted for character strings before and after a space.
If you want to search for the heading “AT&Tベル研究所”, you can also get the same results by searching for “AT△Tベル研究所”, where the △ indicates a space. Searching for “ATTベル研究所” does not find any items of interest.
1-1-3. Prefix Search
Adding either a half-width asterisk (*) or full-width asterisk (＊) to the end of a search string conducts a prefix search.
Example: Searching for “日本歴史＊” finds the headings that start with “日本歴史”, including “日本歴史学会” and “日本--歴史--1945--1952”.
Due to system restrictions, a keyword that contains only a single kanji in combination with other characters will often fail to find meaningful hits from the authority data.
Examples: Searching for “さいたま市” does not find “さいたま市立中央図書館”, because the search index contains “さいたま” and “市立” as separate words.
Alternatively, searching for “さいたま” or “さいたま市立” does find “さいたま市立中央図書館”.
1-2. Search by Classification Numbers
Figure 2: Web NDL Authorities Front Page (Classification Number Search) Screen
The Classification Number Search allows users to search for authority data for Geographic Name, Uniform Title, and Topical Term by representative classification numbers from the Nippon Decimal Classification (NDC) 9th Revised Edition or the National Diet Library Classification (NDLC) , which are assigned to the authority data. Users can choose either from a dropdown list ((a) in Figure 2) to search. In addition to searching for exact matches, users can do a prefix search by adding either a half-width asterisk (*) or full-width asterisk (＊) at the end of the search string.
Example: Searching for ME352 will find headings with a representative classification of ME352, such as “阿賀川”, etc.
Example: Searching for ME* will find headings with a representative classification that starts with ME, such as “雨” (representative classification of ME129) or “阿賀川” (representative classification of ME352).
Users may select “All”, “Name”, or “Topical Name” radio button in the search window ((b) in Figure 2.). Users can search Geographic Name and Uniform Title by selecting the “Name” button, and can search Topical Term by selecting the “Topical Name” button.
2-1. Search Result List Screen
Search results are displayed in a list, as shown in Figure 3 below. The screen comprises the following parts: (a) Search conditions, (b) Search refinement (Type of Authority), (c) Page feed, and (d) Search results. The description of each part is as follows.
Figure 3: Search Result List Screen
|(a)||Search conditions||The recent search result is shown.
If a user refines the search results by Type of Authority, the Type of Authority and any keywords are displayed under “Your searched:”.
|(b)||Search refinement(Type of Authority)||Users can refine search results by Type of Authority, such as Personal name, Family Name, Corporate Body Name, Geographic Name, Uniform Title, Topical Term, and Subdivision. Select the “All” to clear all filters.|
|(c)||Page feed||Numbers refer to page numbers. Click a number to go to the page. Click “<<Prev” or “Next>>” link to go to the previous or next page.|
|(d)||Search Results||The Authorized Heading exactly matched with the query is shown at the top of the search results. Other search results are sorted in order of transcription of the heading.
Search Results are shown in the following format. In the “See also” Reference, only Personal name and Corporate Body Name will be displayed.
Authorized Heading Type of Authority
→: “See also” Reference
← “See” Reference
This shows detailed individual authority data from search results. This screen is divided into 4 parts as shown in Figure 4: (a) Detailed Information of the authority data, (b) Graphical Display, (c) Search Box, and (d) Search bibliographic data via NDL Search. The description of each part is as follows.
Figure 4: Detailed Information Display Screen (Subject Heading)
2-2(a). Detailed Information of the authority data
Data items shown in the Detailed Information tab are shown below. Each item is explained in the following table.
|Item Number||Item Name||Contents|
|1||ID||Unique ID number for the Authority data|
|2||Type of Authority||Type of the Authority data, such as Personal name, Family Name, Corporate Body Name, Geographic Name, Uniform Title, Topical Term, Form Subdivision, and Topical Subdivision.|
|3||Heading||Authorized Heading of the Authority data. Transcription by katakana is shown as ruby characters (format will vary per web browser). Subdivisions are connected with main-heading by two hyphens.|
|4||Variant(s)(“See” reference)(another name)||Linked to the “See” reference for Personal Name, Family Name, Corporate Body Name, Geographic Name and Uniform Title. Transcription by is shown as ruby characters (format will vary per web browser).When the type of name (Previous Name, Later Name, Abbreviated Name, or Real Name, etc.) is recorded in the authority data for either Personal Name or Corporate Body Name, it is shown in parentheses, such as 「森林太郎(本名)」.|
|5||Variant(s) (synonym)||Linked to “See” reference for Geographic Name, Topical Term, or Subdivision. Transcription by is shown as ruby characters (format will vary per web browser).|
|Linked to “See Also” reference for Personal Name, Family Name, Corporate Body Name, and Uniform Title.|
|7||Broader Term||Click the term for the Geographic Name or Topical Term to access the superordinate term in a hierarchical relation.|
|8||Narrower Term||Clicking the term for the Geographic Name or Topical Term to access the subordinate terms in a hierarchical relation.|
|9||Related Term||Clicking the term for the Geographic Name or Topical Term to access the semantically related terms.|
|10||Each Heading (rdf: See Also)||When a subdivision which is also used as a main heading (e.g. “年鑑”) is included in the subject heading with subdivisions(e.g. “eマーケティング--年鑑”)、the subject heading with subdivisions will be divided into main heading and subdivision and links of each Authority data will be shown. (Note that if the divided Authority data is Geographic Name or the Uniform Title or Geographic Name with Subdivisions (e.g.“万葉集--植物”, “イギリス--人口--歴史”), they are not founded.|
|11||Date of Birth||The birthdate recorded in Personal Name Authority data.|
|12||Date of Death||The death date recorded in Personal Name Authority data.|
|13||Field of Activity||The field of activity recorded in Personal Name Authority data.|
|14||Biographical Information||The biographical information recorded in Personal Name Authority data.|
|15||Date of Establishment||The date of establishment of the corporate body recorded in Corporate Body Name Authority data.|
|16||Date of Termination||The date of termination of the corporate body recorded in Corporate Body Name Authority data.|
|17||Period of Duration||An active period of the corporate body, which was reorganized after disestablished.|
|18||Corporate History||Histories of the corporate body recorded in Corporate Body Name Authority data.|
|19||Classification Number||Representative Classification assigned to Geographic Name, Uniform Title, or Topical Terms. By clicking the classification number of the “NDC9” or “NDLC” (each classification scheme is shown in parentheses after the classification number), users can access the List Screen of Authority data with the same representative classification number.|
|20||Related Links||Links to the Library of Congress Control Number (LCCN) or the record ID number of the Basic Subject Headings (BSH). Links to LCCN will be shown like “sh92002816 (LCSH)” and user can access the relevant page of LC Linked Data Service. IDs of BSH will be shown only when the synonym in the “Variant (s)” (Item No.5) matches the authorized heading of the BSH. BSH is not available on the Japan Library Association’s website; thus, the relevant links to BSH are not shown.|
|21||Sources||Titles of materials in which the heading appeared first and reference materials which formed a basis for establishing the Authorized Heading.|
|22||Related Links/Sources||Links to the Virtual International Authority File (VIAF) from each Name Authority (Personal name、Family Name, Corporate Body Name, Geographic Name, Uniform Title) using the URLs including the NDL’s Authority ID ,except for the following data; Name Authority with Subdivision such as 「万葉集--植物」「イギリス--案内記」 as well as the new authority data which has not been registered with VIAF. In these case, the links to VIAF are not available, though the links are shown.
When LCCN is recorded in Authority data, it will be shown in the form such as “n78095332 (LCNAME)”, and links to the relevant page of LC Linked Data Service.
Also, when the form of the authorized heading matches with that of BSH, ID of the BSH will be displayed. BSH is not available on the Japan Library Association’s website, thus, the links to BSH are not shown.
|23||Cataloger’s Note||Cataloger’s Note (including instructions of “See Also” reference and availability of Geographic subdivision, etc.). For the Authority data used as Author Heading, the value “機械抽出典拠” is assigned to the data extracted automatically, while the value “遡及入力典拠” is assigned to the Authority data cataloged retrospectively. For the Authority data used as Subject Heading, the value “和図書不使用” is assigned to the Authority data which is not used in the bibliographic records of the Japanese books.|
|24||History Note||Information on revision of the heading.|
|25||Date Created||Date when the authority data was created, described in W3CDTF format.|
|26||Last Updated||Date when the authority data was last updated, described in W3CDTF format.|
|27||Links to external websites||In case of the Authorities of Personal Name, Family Name and Corporate Body Name except for the Subdivision combination, the links to the search results of the pages which contain the same character strings in Japanese Wikipedia are displayed. As for the Authorities of Geographic Name, Uniform Title and Topical Term, the links to the pages in Japanese Wikipedia only when the same character strings as the authorized headings are included in the Article Title of the Japanese Wikipedia are displayed. Matching of character strings and creating links are generated automatically; thus, NDL does not guarantee the credibility of information contained in Wikipedia.|
When Authority data whose detailed Information are shown and it includes Broader Term, Narrower Term and Related Term, Graphical Display is available. Users can see graphical display of thesaurus structure by clicking “Graphical Display” Tab as shown in Figure 5.
Figure 5: Graphical Display
Similar to search box on the front page, this search box is used to start a new search. Authorized Headings of the Authority data is shown in the Detailed Information Display Screen.
2-2(d). Search bibliographic data via NDL Search
By clicking each link button on “Author” or “Subject”, users can access the search results of the bibliography data in the NDL Search via ID of the Authority data.
For the “Personal Name”, “Corporate Body Name” and “Geographic Name”, both link buttons, that is “Author” and “Subject” will be available. For the “Family Name”, “Uniform Title” and “Topical Term”, “Subject” button will be available.
However, for the “Subdivision”, users move to the top page of the NDL Search even though the button is available.
Figure 6: Detailed Display Screen (Personal Name Authority data)